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Birsa Munda biography Pdf

Birsa Munda was born on November 15, 1875. He was born in Ulihatu village, Ranchi. Birsa Munda was one of the important freedom fighters of India as well as a revered tribal leader. He was a resident of Jharkhand. Birsa Munda belonged to an important tribal community called the Munda tribe. There he was deeply influenced by the cultural practices and heritage of his people. From his early years, he openly opposed British colonial rule and led several rebellions against the ill-treatment of tribals.

In this article, we have tried our best to highlight for you in detail all the aspects of the life of Birsa Munda, who was one of the main freedom movement fighters in India. In the formative years, he was greatly influenced by the customs and practices followed by his tribe. He completely immersed himself in the traditional dance, Munda language, music and various other cultural aspects. This display of the rich heritage of ideas adopted by his community fueled his single-soul faith.

Birsa Munda

1. Impact of Tribal Customs and Traditions:

Birsa Munda’s thinking was greatly influenced by the customs and traditions of his tribe. Along with his thinking, his life was also greatly influenced. Was deeply impressed by the community lifestyle. The tribal people have completely influenced him. He believed that the tribal people share equally in the joys and hardships of life together.

It was this egalitarian ethos that inspired Birsa to fight against the British colonial rule. According to Birsa Munda, the Lohas should unite and oppose the British rule because according to them the British rule was a threat to the cultural, social and economic fabric of their community. Therefore, he wanted to oppose British rule and inspired people to do the same.

2. Formation of Munda Parishad:

The Munda Parishad was formed by Birsa Munda in 1899, as a group aimed at uniting the people of different tribes of Jharkhand. Birsa Munda wanted everyone to come together to protect their interests. And this is possible only when people oppose the British rule without fear. The first meeting of the Munda Parishad was held in 1900, in which a proposal was made to stop the interference by the British in tribal matters.

The Council demanded that a system of self-governance should be established for the tribal people. Under this system of self-governance, they are free to rule themselves according to their traditions and there is no pressure on them from anyone. Birsa Munda made strenuous efforts to succeed him as the head of the council.

3. first rebellion

resistance against British rule Birsa Munda organized the first rebellion against British rule in 1895. For this rebellion Orga, a group of tribals launched their first rebellion against the British rule for taxation and forced labour. Even after this rebellion of Birsa Munda, other rebellions continued to happen and with this Birsa Munda came to be recognized as a prominent leader of the movement of the tribal people of Jharkhand.

Birsa Munda played the role of a unifier, who brought together the people of various tribes living in Jharkhand and rebelled for their interests. People united under the leadership of Birsa Munda. His leadership had that charisma that could easily unite people. Along with him, the message of independence and self-rule spread throughout the country.

4. Imprisonment and Death:

Birsa Munda gradually became a thorn in the side of the British colonial authorities through his activism and leadership. He was cleverly accused of treason by the British and was arrested in 1900. Birsa Munda was sentenced to life imprisonment and was sent to Ranchi jail. While in jail, Birsa Munda’s health kept deteriorating.

His life was thus filled with illness and neglect. The result of which was that he died on June 9, 1900, at the ripe age of 25 years. His death was a huge blow to the tribal resistance movement. But his legacy and symbol of resistance will live forever in India.

5. Bhagwan Birsa Munda

The Bhagwan Birsa Munda is a title/surname given to Birsa Munda. Lord Birsa Munda means – Father of the Earth. Generally, in the Hindi language, the title Bhagwan is used to refer to God, that is, it means God. People worship him and consider him their idol. One thing to note, however, is that this title is not accepted in universal use.

According to some people, it is his devotion that is dedicated to the contribution of Birsa Munda. Birsa Munda became famous as a hero of the tribal people of Jharkhand. Along with this, they are called resistance against the British government.

6. Heritage and significance:

Birsa Munda’s legacy is an important part of India’s history as a freedom fighter who fought against the British colonialism of the country and the people of his community. Woke up many rebellions. According to him, all people are equal no matter what caste, religion or race they belong to. He always gave the message of equality and justice.

Some important facts about Birsa Munda

  • He led a rebellion against the British government in the late 19th century. Unite the Mundas and other tribes in the region and fought against British rule.
  • Birsa Munda was mainly known for his slogans. The slogan was something like this, “Abua Raj Seter Jana, Maharani Raj Tundu Jana” which means let the white rule end and let our rule come.
  • Birsa Munda raised his voice fiercely against the British rule.
  • He was imprisoned in 1895 by the ploy of the British and died in 1900.

FAQ

Who was Birsa Munda?

Birsa Munda was one of the important freedom fighters of India as well as a revered tribal leader. He was a resident of Jharkhand. Birsa Munda belonged to an important tribal community called the Munda tribe. There he was deeply influenced by the cultural practices and heritage of his people. From his early years, he openly opposed British colonial rule and led se toveral rebellions against the ill-treatment of tribals.

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