India’s Greatest Mathematician Brahmagupta biography PDF download

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Pdf NameBrahmagupta biography Pdf
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Brahmagupta is considered to be the leading Indian mathematician of his time, and indeed he was. Brahmagupta made progress in astronomy. His most important achievements were in number systems, including algorithms for square roots and the solution of quadratic equations.

Brahmagupta biography

Brahmagupta, an Indian mathematician and astronomer, lived from 598 to 668 AD. His book “Brahmasphutasiddhanta” and “Khandakhadyaka” were largely practical instructions on mathematics and science. He was the first mathematician who developed the formula for the area of ​​a cyclic quadrilateral. Therefore, we can say that his contribution to geometry was incredible. Brahmagupta was the person due to whom we can calculate using zero today, that is, he provided the guidelines for calculating from zero.

All his works were written in Sanskrit in elliptical verse, according to the rules of Indian mathematics. Brahmagupta’s father was Jisnugupta. He wrote important works on mathematics and astronomy, especially Brahmasphuta Siddhanta in 628. This work named Brahmasphutasiddhanta was completed in 25 chapters. According to Brahmagupta it was written in Bhilmala. Bhilmala itself is currently called Bhinmal city. It was the capital during the rule of the Gurjara dynasty.

Brahmagupta was made the head of the astronomical observatory at Ujjain, the most prominent mathematical center of ancient India. Excellent mathematicians like Varahamihira also worked in the Ujjain Astronomical Observatory. Excellent mathematicians like Varahamihira together created a strong school of mathematical astronomy.

His Early Life

According to some sources, he was born in 598 AD. Brahmagupta lived in Bhilmala, presently called Bhinmal, Rajasthan during the reign of Vyaghramukh, ruler of the Chavda dynasty. His focus was always on finding new concepts and working on them. He is referred to by commentators as the instructor of Bhillamala or Bhillamalacharya. Bhilmala was the capital of Gurjaradesh, the second-largest state in western India.

Bhilmala included the contemporary northern part of Gujarat and the southern part of India called Rajasthan. It was also considered the center of institutions for the study of mathematics and astronomy. He studied the five classic principles of Indian astronomy, taking lessons from many other astronomers, including Aryabhata I, Latadeva, Pradyumna, Varahamihira, Simha, Srisena, Vijayanandin and Vishnuchandra. A book named Brahmasphutasiddhanta was presented to him.

This book is said to be a revised version of the Brahmapaksha Institute’s recognized theory of astronomy. This book covers all the important mathematics lessons like Trigonometry, Algebra, Geometry, Algorithms, etc. All of these claimed to contain concepts attributed to Brahmagupta. Khandkhadyaka, a practical manual of Indian astronomy classified under Karana for students, was written by Brahmagupta himself when he was 67 years of age. He was harsh in his objections to competing astronomers.

Brahmagupta’s Brahmasphutasiddhanta represented one of the earliest internal divisions among many Indian mathematicians. Controversies in his case arose mainly due to scientific considerations and selection of factors. Chayan was more concerned with applying mathematics to the physical world. The selection was more concerned with and necessary to discover or understand new concepts. He made important contributions to astronomy. This contribution included techniques for estimating the positions of celestial bodies over a period of time, their rising and setting, conjunctions, and calculations of lunar and solar eclipses.

Notable achievements of Brahmagupt

  • A method of solving quadratic equations.
  • He presented an almost accurate calculation of the value of pi (3.162) in which he increased the value by 0.66 percent more than the actual value (3.14).
  • Calculations were made by Brahmagupta according to which the Earth is closer to the Moon than the Sun.
  • Brahmagupta discovered a formula to calculate the area of ​​any 4-sided figure.
  • He presented the calculation according to which a year is 365 days, 6 hours, 12 minutes and 9 seconds long.
  • ‘Gravity’ was mentioned by Brahmagupta. He said with facts that bodies fall towards the Earth because it is a fact that the Earth attracts bodies, just as it is the nature of water to flow.
  • He presented that the Earth is a sphere whose circumference is approximately 36,000 km i.e. 22,500 miles.
  • Brahmasphutasiddhanta is his most notable work, which was composed in 628 AD. At that time he was about 30 years old. This book is divided into twenty-five sections consisting of 1008 verses. According to some historians, Brahmagupta wrote only the first 10 volumes. This is because they are organized according to the astronomy texts of the time.

Death

According to some sources, it is believed that Brahmagupta died between 660 and 670 AD. Some sources suggest that Brahmagupta lived only till 668 AD. He is one of the greatest Indian mathematicians of all time. His efforts in mathematics and science have made a significant difference to many mathematical problems by creating rules. Due to these rules, we now find it easier to solve most of the problems.

FAQs

Who is brahmgupta?

Brahmagupta, an Indian mathematician and astronomer, lived from 598 to 668 AD. He was the first mathematician who developed the formula for the area of a cyclic quadrilateral. Therefore, we can say that his contribution to geometry was incredible. Brahmagupta was the person due to whom we can calculate using zero today, that is, he provided the guidelines for calculating from zero.

What was his contribution to astronomy?

He made important contributions to astronomy. This contribution included techniques for estimating the positions of celestial bodies over a period of time, their rising and setting, conjunctions, and calculations of lunar and solar eclipses.

When did Brahmagupta die?

According to some sources, it is believed that Brahmagupta died between 660 and 670 AD. Some sources suggest that Brahmagupta lived only till 668 AD. He is one of the greatest Indian mathematicians of all time. His efforts in mathematics and science have made a significant difference to many mathematical problems by creating rules.

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