Geography of India pdf

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pdf NameGeography of India pdf
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India’s geography is full of variations, including snow-capped mountain ranges and hot sand deserts. Here plains, hills and plateaus etc. all landscapes are included. Most of the Indian subcontinent located on the Indian plate is located in India. located in the northern part of the Indo Plate(Australian). Most of India is located on a peninsula spread over the Indian Ocean, which is in southern Asia. India is surrounded by the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal in the south-west and south-east directions respectively.

The fertile Indo-Gangetic plain covers most of India in northern, central and eastern India. And the Deccan Plateau occupies most of the southern part of India. The Thar Desert, a mixture of rocky and sandy deserts, is located in the west of the country. The higher Himalayan range forms the eastern and northeastern parts of India. Kashmir region is the highest point in India. The height of this highest point is 28,251 feet. But this area is disputed.

If in addition, the highest point in India which is undisputed is Kangchenjunga. Its maximum height is 28,208 feet. The climate zone starts from the equator in the south to the height of the Himalayas (Tundra). India is bordered by the following countries, China, Pakistan Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nepal, Bhutan and Afghanistan. The islands/countries located to the south of India are Sri Lanka and Maldives. India is divided politically into 28 states, seven union territories, and one capital, Delhi.
Geographical changes are never made based on political division.

India, located in Southern Asia, is the second largest country in terms of population. On the other hand, it is the 7th largest country in terms of area. India is located in the northern part of the Indo-Australian Plate. India is adjoined by water on three sides. You can easily find India on the world map. In this article, we will study the geography of India in detail.

Indian geography division can be divided into two parts, First political geography and second physical geography.
India is divided politically into 28 states, seven union territories, and one capital, Delhi. The largest state of India in terms of population is Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan in terms of area. Uttar Pradesh is located in the northeast of India. Along with this, there are many prosperous states in India, one of which is Gujarat. Gujarat is in the far west of India. Jammu and Kashmir, an extraordinarily beautiful place in India, is located in the north.

India shares an international border with seven countries. In the west Located country, Pakistan. The countries located in the northeast are Nepal, China and Bhutan. Countries located to the east, are Myanmar and Bangladesh. Sri Lanka is a country bordering the southern border of India. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a close border with Thailand and Indonesia. The political boundaries of both Pakistan and Bangladesh are determined along with India. It is determined according to the Radcliffe line.

Division of India based on geography and physical features

Surrounded by water on three sides, India is surrounded by the Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean from its west, east and south respectively. There are many water bodies in India, from which rivers, streams, creeks etc. come. There are many peaks and big rivers in India. Including all the major rivers, there a are total of 12 major rivers in India. The Brahmaputra, a transboundary river, leaves Tibet and enters India via Arunachal. After this, it also passes through Assam and then falls into the Bay of Bengal

from Bangladesh. The longest river in India, the holiest river of India is the river Ganga. River Yamuna and others are also its tributaries. The Yamuna River serves as the only water body in the capital, New Delhi. The Chambal River is a branch river of the Yamuna River. It passed by crossing these three states- Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh after this, it also passes through Assam and then falls into the Bay of Bengal from Bangladesh. The longest river in India, the holiest river of India is the river Ganga. River Yamuna and others are also its tributaries.

The Yamuna River serves as the only water body in the capital, New Delhi. The Chambal River is a branch river of the Yamuna River. It passed by crossing these three states- Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh

Other major rivers of India Narmada River, Godavari, Krishna River, Kaveri River, Mahanadi etc. are included. These rivers respectively Flow from Amarkantak in Madhya Pradesh, Trimbakeshwar in Maharashtra, Mahabaleshwar, both Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, Chhattisgarh and Odisha. Many small rivers also flow in India, among them Mahi, Betwa, Penner, and Kosi are prominent. There are many chalks in the country, in which the main ones are, the Gulf of Mannar, the Gulf of Kutch and Khadi of Cambay.

According to some people, “India” holds the seventh position in terms of size. Lakshadweep Islands, Andaman and Nicobar Islands are located in India only. The Lakshadweep Islands are situated off the southwest coast. Similarly, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are located 750 miles off the southeast coast in the Bay of Bengal. India extends for more than 2,000 miles, from Jammu and Kashmir in the north to the southern tip of Tamil Nadu. It is 1,800 miles from east to west.

climate in India:

The country experiences conditions ranging from arctic-like conditions to sweltering heat in many parts of the country during the summer and heavy rains from the arrival of the monsoons during the rainy season. In contrast to that the weather can be mild and pleasant at other times. New Delhi, the capital of India, is 700 feet above sea level. The weather is pleasant in the months of October-November and February, as these months are of temperate climate. The nights are cool and the days are hot during these months.

The months of December and January also have a temperate climate, but the nights are relatively cooler during these days. April to mid-July are the days of summer, with severe frosts and temperatures often exceeding 110F. The nights are somewhat cooler than the day, but still warm. The rains from mid-July to September have high humidity when both temperature and humidity are high.

Mumbai, the financial capital of India, has a tropical climate. There are three distinct seasons here. Along with this, Mumbai has a great port, which is situated on the Arabian Sea. Mumbai appears to be a peninsula on a map, but in reality, it is There are two islands. Ports providing 75 square miles of sheltered deep water come under the category of great natural ports. The heat of April, May and October is most uncomfortable.

FAQ:

how can we decide India’s geography division?

Indian geography division can be divided into two parts, First political geography and second physical geography.
India is divided politically into 28 states, seven union territories, and one capital, Delhi. The largest state of India in terms of population is Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan in terms of area. Uttar Pradesh is located in the northeast of India. Along with this, there are many prosperous states in India, one of which is Gujarat. Gujarat is in the far west of India. Jammu and Kashmir, an extraordinarily beautiful place in India, is located in the north.

What is India’s geography?

India’s geography is full of variations, including snow-capped mountain ranges and hot sand deserts. Here plains, hills and plateaus etc. all landscapes are included. Most of the Indian subcontinent located on the Indian plate is located in India. It is located in the northern part of the Indo Plate(Australian). Most of India is located on a peninsula spread over the Indian Ocean, which is in southern Asia. India is surrounded by the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal in the south-west and south-east directions respectively.

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