Modern History of India pdf

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Pdf NameModern history of India pdf
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Modern history of India pdf

Before independence, India was famous all over the world as the golden bird. The history of India and India is famous all over the world. The reason why India is called the golden bird, was the gold available here, before independence India was full of gold. India was always in the eyes of foreign rulers. The decline of the Mughal Empire, the Revolt of 1857, the advent of the European Company, etc. have been included in the modern history of India.

The Revolt of 1857 remained the most important part of the history of India. The Revolt of 1857 was the beginning of the freedom struggle in India. Nationalist movements had also started. In this article, we will give a complete description of India’s independence in modern history today. Along with this, the great men and movements of India will also be discussed.

History has a very important part in our life. Because whatever we are today is due to history and what is today will become history tomorrow. But history has an existence in itself. And it is because of history that we exist today. The history of modern India covers the history up to 5,500 years ago. Modern Indian history after 1850 will be called modern only. In modern history, the British Empire was spread over a large part of India. Modern Indian history ended with the independence of India.

East India Company:

Before independence, India used to be a golden bird. Along with gold, there were a lot of other resources here and because of this, the British were attracted towards India. At that time India used to be discussed in other countries also. Many European companies arrived in India in the 17th century. And as soon as they arrived, a competition started among them. By the 18th century, the East India Company had reached the top position in this competition and gradually dominated a large part of India.

The East India Company came here and started interfering in the political activities of India and also grabbed many areas with its diplomacy. This had a bad effect on the economic, political and social conditions of India. These foreign powers had very bad effects on India and the Indian social structure, Indians were not ready for their rule and functioning, but by the time Indians raised their voice against them,

It was too late, because the East India Company Had completely settled down in India. East India Company had started playing games with Indians with its diplomacy, and the exploitation of resources had started. The East India Company wanted to make India completely hollow and had already started this work. The working class was greatly exploited.

Growing resentment in public:

As a result, the resentment against the British in the public reached its peak. And because of this anger, the revolution of 1857 was born. Although the purpose of the revolution of 1857 could not be fulfilled, this revolution filled the feeling of autonomy and ambition of independence in the common people. The people learned the importance of freedom, and together they became capable of facing any great power. taught us what mass rebellion is. Due to this revolution, that wave of public awareness came which Indians needed the most at that time. This revolution became successful even after being unsuccessful. It enthused the Indians.

the revolution of 1857 :

The Revolt of 1857 was unsuccessful on many levels but its impact was enormous. The Revolt of 1857 was the voice of the people against the British East India Company, and their indignation. mutiny of Indians It was a public outcry by Indians against the British East India Company. Which came out because of this revolution. This was the first expression of Indian resistance.

start of this revolution It was due to the rebellion of the soldiers of the East India Company, but gradually public participation also started increasing in it. This revolution is known by many names, Sepoy Mutiny, Great Mutiny, Indian Mutiny, Revolt of 1857, etc.
The Indian people had come to know that nothing will happen by sitting silently, they will have to promote this rebellion. The Revolt of 1857 is considered to be the first war of independence fought by Indians.

Modern History of India pdf
Modern History of India pdf

Reason for Rebellion:

The expansionist policy of the British was the main reason for the revolution of 1857. Rulers and chiefs were removed from their posts, which created an atmosphere of fear among other ruling classes. The adopted son of Rani Lakshmi Bai could not sit on the throne of Jhansi. The capture of Satara, Nagpur and Jhansi by Dalhousie. Also captured were Jaitpur, Udaipur and Sambalpur. Dalhoji also merged Awadh with his diplomacy in the British Empire. Thousands of people lost their jobs because of his act. This scoundrel has made Awadh the centre of the conspiracy.

As the East India Company expanded, the British started showing their true nature and started behaving badly with the Indians. A large section of the population of India was worried about the fact that foreign civilization is gradually making its home in India. The lifestyle of the British was opposite to the social beliefs of the Indians. Therefore, its effect continued to fall on Indian beliefs. The Hindu law of inheritance was also changed by them. The British tried to divide the Indians with diplomacy and promoted only those Indians who adopted Christianity.

And those who continued to follow the Indian religion continued to be humiliated. People had already realized that the trick of the British is to convert Indians into Christians. Laws were established by the British to end practices like Sati Pratha and female foeticide. Which was against the rules of the Indian social structure. Neither the Indians nor the Muslims had the practice of education. Western civilization was challenging both religions to receive an education. Even railways and telegraphs had started.

The British government used to collect heavy rent and taxes on the land. Due to this farmers and landlords were very upset. Due to the non-repayment of loans taken from moneylenders, people were losing their land belonging to generations. The ink’s anger was also justified because most of the soldiers were from the farmer class. Due to the entry of British goods into India due to the industrial revolution, India’s textile industry was completely ruined. The competition was between Indian handicrafts and British machine-made goods.

reasons for the failure of the rebellion:

▪️Limited Effects▪️

Even though the rebellion was widespread, it did not spread to the whole of India, most of the country was unaware of it. This rebellion remained confined to most parts of Sindh, Rajputana, Kashmir and Punjab. The people of Hyderabad, Mysore, Travancore and Kashmir and Rajputana were not affected by this rebellion. The people of Southern Province were also untouchable from this.

▪️Limited Resources▪️

The rebels had a lot of lack of weapons and money, and the main reason for this was that there was no emphasis on the rebel class on rail, post, telegraph and all other means of transport etc. All of these were under the British / British government. The middle class, the rich merchants and the zamindars of Bengal showed no interest in this rebellion. On the contrary, he tried to suppress this rebellion.

▪️Not effective leadership▪️

Despite having brave leaders like Nana Saheb, Tatya Tope and Rani Lakshmibai, they could not provide effective leadership to this rebellion. This rebellion needed an effective leader.

▪️FAQ ▪️

Where did the revolution of 1857 start?

The Revolt of 1857 was the first rebellion by Indians for independence. This is recorded as an important event in the history of India. This rebellion started on May 10, 1857, in the city of Meerut. Which later took the form of a revolution.

Why was the East India Company attracted to India?

Before independence, India used to be a golden bird. Along with gold, there were a lot of other resources here and because of this, the British were attracted towards India. At that time India used to be discussed in other countries also. Many European companies arrived in India in the 17th century. And as soon as they arrived, a competition started among them. By the 18th century, the East India Company had reached the top position in this competition and gradually dominated a large part of India. The East India Company came here and started interfering in the political activities of India and also grabbed many areas with its diplomacy. This had a bad effect on the economic, political and social conditions of India.

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