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Rajasthan gk pdf

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Rajasthan gk pdf in Hindi

Rivers of Rajasthan

The rivers of Rajasthan are divided into three drainage areas and they are as follows

Internal flow – Kakni, Sabi, Mentha, Rupangarh, Ruparel, Sagarmati, Kantli, Ghagghar etc.

Bay of Bengal – Banas, Banganga, Kothari, Khari, Banganga, Parvati, Parvan, Chambal, Bamni, Chakhan, Gambhiri, Kunu, Mej, Manshi etc.

Rivers of Arabian Sea

These rivers flow in the south-west of the Arabian Sea and join the Arabian Sea, in which Mahi Luni, Sabarmati, and Western Banas are the major rivers.

1. Mahi river

Mahi is a river that flows in western India. It is one of the western rivers that flow into western India, including the Tapti River, the Sabarmati River, the Luni River, and the Narmada. Its basin area is 34.84 km.

Origin point: The origin of the Mahi River in Madhya Pradesh, here the Mahi River originates from Mehad Lake in Vidhyachal near Dhar. Mahi River also known as the Ganges of Vagad and Kanthal, is a river flowing in an inverted U shape, the golden line of South Rajasthan, Ganga of tribals.

Triveni Sangam: Mahi, Som, and Jakham all three rivers together form Triveni Sangam at a place called Beneshwar in the Dungarpur district. A fair is held at this place on the day of Magha Purnima, it is also famous as Kumbh or Dham of tribals. Mahi is the only river to have both entry and exit in the southern direction. The total length of the river is 576 km, while the length of the Mahi River in Rajasthan is only 171 km. The Mahi River forms the middle Mahi plain in south Rajasthan, which is called Chappan ka Maidan.

2. Sabarmati River

It’s one of the major west-flowing rivers of India.

Origin point: The Sabarmati River originates from the Aravalli hills, southwest of Kotdi village in Udaipur district of Rajasthan.

The closing point of this river is the Gulf of Khambhat. Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad cities, which are located in Gujarat, are situated on the banks of this river. In the districts of Udaipur, the Dewas tunnel was built to transport the water of the Sabarmati River to the districts of Udaipur, whose excavation work is done. Completed in 2011, the Dewas tunnel is 11.5 km long, Rajasthan’s largest tunnel.

Two dams have been built on the Sabarmati River passing through Rajasthan to Gujarat, named Dewas I and Dewas II. Their water was transported into the districts of Udaipur through this tunnel.

3. Luni River

Luni is the largest river in the Thar Desert, located in northwest India. The Luni River originates in the Aravalli Range Pushkar Valley near Ajmer, passes through the southeast of the Thar Desert, and after flowing a distance of 49 km, ends in the marshlands of the Rann of Kutch, which is in Gujarat.

Origin point: The origin of Luni is Nag Pahar Anasagar Ajmer.

The water of the Luni River is sweet till Balotra Barmer, after that the water of the river becomes brackish. Luni near Pushkar is called Sakri. The length of the Luni River flows in the Pali, Ajmer, Nagaur, Jodhpur, and Barmer districts is 350 km. After this, the Luni River becomes extinct in the Rann of Kutch, Gujarat. Luni has been called Antah Salila by Mahakavi Kalidas. Luni flowing west of Aravalli is considered to be the most important river, along with this it is the longest river flowing in western Rajasthan

West Banas River

This river flows within Rajasthan in western India. Banas River is about 512 km long. The Banas is one of the tributaries of the Chambal River, which itself is a tributary of the Yamuna and merges with the Ganga.

Som, Anas, Lildi, Erav, and Chep are also the rivers of the Arabian Sea.

Bay of Bengal Rivers

flowing in the southeast of the Aravalli ranges these rivers meet the Bay of Bengal. The main rivers of this care are Chambal, Banaras, Kothari, Kalisindh, Parvati, Banganga, Manati, Gambhiri, etc

1. Chambal

Chambal River is Yamuna’s tributary, and that’s the reason, it’s a part of the greater Ganges most of the drainage system. Its total length is 966 km, out of which Rajasthan has 135 km. It has a total area of ​​19500 km in Rajasthan. 315 km flows through the state. Chambal is the longest river flowing in Rajasthan. Chambal river forms the longest inter-state border between Rajasthan and Madhyapradesh

Origin point: The origin of the river is believed to be Janapav hill of Vindhyachal mountain located near Manpur in Dakshini Mahu of Madhya Pradesh. Chambal enters Rajasthan from Chittorgarh and flows into Rajasthan. at a place called Muradganj near Itanagar in Uttar Pradesh (Agra)Chambal joins the Yamuna River Chambal is also known as Kamdhenu, Charanvati, Nitya Vahini, etc.

Chambal is a perennial river. It flows through the districts of Chittorgarh, Karauli, Bundi Kota, Sawai Madhopur and Dhaulpur

2. Banas River

The river flows within Rajasthan in western India. The Banas River is about 512 km long. The Banas is one of the tributaries of the Chambal River, which itself is a tributary of the Yamuna and merges with the Ganges.

Origin point: Banas River originates from Khamnor hills of Kumbhalgarh’s Aravalli mountain in Rajsamand district. It flows in Rajsamand Chittorgarh, Ajmer road, Bhilwara, and Sawai Madhopur district and joins the Chambal river at a place called Rameshwaram in Khandar tehsil of Sawai Madhopur. The Banas rivers are also known as the hope of the Vashishti forest.

3. Kothari river

The Kothari River originates in the Aravalli hills which are located near Deogarh in Rajsamand district. It flows through the Raipur, Bhilwara Mandal, and Kotri and then joins the Banas River. Meja Dam is situated on the Kothari river which provides drinking water to the Bhilwara district. This river ends after joining the Banas River in the Bhilwara district. Efforts are being made to solve the drinking water problem of the Bhilwara district from the Kothari River by building the Meja dam.

4. Beach River

Origin point: Gogunda Hills in Udaipur From its point of origin up to Udai Sagar Lake, this river is known by the nickname Ayad River. Entering the city of Udaipur, it falls into Udai Sagar Lake. After leaving Udai Sagar, it is known as Bedach river

5. Kalisindh River

Origin point: Kalisindh River is from Bagli village of Dewas district of Madhya Pradesh stateKalisindh enters Rajasthan from Jhalawar district and ends after joining the Chambal River at Naunera place of Kota. This river forms the boundary of Jhalawar Kota and Bara in the state.

Banganga River

origin point: Banganga originated from the hills of Berath situated in Jaipur. Sometimes it represents an example of an internal flow system because the water does not reach the Yamuna and spreads to the plains around Bharatpur. Banganga River flows in Jaipur Dosa and Bharatpur district The Banganga ends at Fatehabad in Agra by joining the Yamuna River.

On this river, the Ramgarh dam has been built in Jamwaramgarh, Jaipur, which supplies drinking water to Jaipur The Banganga ends at Fatehabad in Agra by joining the Yamuna River. On this river, the Ramgarh dam has been built in Jamwaramgarh, Jaipur, which supplies drinking water to Jaipur.

Gambhir, Mansi, and Parvati are also rivers falling in the khadis of Bengal.

Rivers of Internal flow

These rivers do not have any tributaries, nor can these rivers take their water to any sea, due to which it becomes extinct while flowing in some parts of the state itself. These rivers are about 60% of the total rivers of the state.

1. Ghaggar River

Ghaggar is an intermittent river that flows through India and Pakistan. It flows only in monsoon. This river is known as Ghaggar before Ottu Barrage. The length of the Ghaggar River is 320 km. The origin of the Ghaggar is called the Shivalik hills of the Himalayas near Kalka. Ghaggar River flows at the head of Saraswati River which is of Vedic culture, it is the longest river of inter-care in Rajasthan.

2. Kakni River

origin point: Kotri Jaisalmer is the origin of the Kakni River. The nickname of this river is Masurdi Kakney. This river is formed by the Bujh lake which is in Jaisalmer.

3. Ruparel River

Origin point: Udaynath Hill located in Thanagaji tehsil of Alwar river gets extinct while flowing near Kushalpur village of Bharatpur district itself. Nicknames for RumarelLasvari, Barah, BarahMoti Jheel Dam, Deeg Mahal, Sikri Dam, and Nauh Civilization are located on this river, they are located in Bharatpur. Surajmal Jat got the Moti Jheel constructed.

4. Katli River

Origin point: The origin of the Katli River is the Sikar hills of KhandelaThe Katli River is seasonal in the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan state. It is based on rainfall. The Katli originating from the Aravalli range empties into its inland drainage basin’s center (Churu). Its downstream area is called Torawati. vanishing point: Churu and Jhunjhunu border. The Katli River divides Jhunjhunu into two parts. The civilization of Ganeshwar, located in Sikar district, developed on the banks of this river.

5. Rupangarh River

Origin point: A place called Kuchil, AjmerFlowing in Ajmer itself, Rupangarh drops its water into the Sambhar Lake. Salemabad, Ajmer, the seat of the Nimbarka sect, is situated on the banks of this river.

6. Sabi river

It is a major river of Alwar. Flowing in Alwar, this river falls into the Najafgarh Lake in Patodi, a village in the Gurgaon district of Haryana. This is the main river of Alwar.Origin – Jaipur’s Senwar hill Saraswati, Mentha, Kukand, etc. are also rivers of internal water flow.

Rivers and their tributary

Rivers tributaryLength (km)
Chambal Kalisindh, banas,kunu nadi1,024 km
lunibeach, Khari495 km
BanasVakal, hathmati512 km
Mahi beach,Khari583 km
Ghaggar320 km
SabarmatiVakal , hathmati371 km
Banganga Som, Oakham,bangs240 km
Berach157 km
Jawai 96 km

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