Rajasthan ka itihas pdf

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Rajasthan is a important state of India. It shares its border with five other states in the country. Rajasthan with an area of ​​3,42,239 sq km is bounded by Gujarat in the south-west, Madhya Pradesh in the south-east and Uttar Pradesh and Haryana in the north-east. history of Rajasthan Rajasthan was ruled by tribal tribes since ancient times. Rajasthan was inhabited from Rajasthan not long before today i.e. before 2500 BC. The foundation of the Indus Valley Civilization was laid in Rajasthan itself.

The first tribes to settle in Rajasthan were Bhil and Meena. The Rigveda, the Aryan scripture that holds its special place in the oldest literature, finds mention of the Matsya Janapada situated at Sathan in Rajasthan. Along with this, the mention of Matsya Naresh Virat is also seen in Mahabharata. The tribals living in Rajasthan are considered to be the descendants of these matsya, at present the matsya are called Meena .

It is believed that till the 11th century or earlier, the southern part of Rajasthan was ruled by the Bhils. medieval times The Rajput caste occupied various parts of the Rajasthan state. They called or named these parts their dynasty, a dialect of the region etc. Rajasthan was also known as Rajputana, it was the time of British rule. The great kings of Rajasthan, Maharana Pratap, Maharana Sanga, Maharaja Suraj Mal and Maharaja Jawahar Singh are known for their exceptional patriotism and bravery.

great ruler of Rajasthan:

▪️Maharana Pratap▪️

Maharana Pratap was a great and majestic warrior of India. Maharana Pratap, born on 9 May 1540, was a Rajput king who ruled Mewar, Rajasthan in northwestern India. Maharana Pratap’s father was Udai Singh II. He was the 12th ruler of the Mewar dynasty as well as the founder of Udaipur. His capital used to be Chittor. Maharana Pratap had three brothers and two half-sisters in his family. Maharana Pratap strongly faced the Mughal rulers, and many wars were also fought, in which the war of Haldi Valley plays an important role.

Maharana Pratap defeated the Mughal emperor Akbar thrice in a row, first in the war of 1577, then in 1578 and 1579, thus Maharana Pratap showed the face of defeat to the Mughal emperor Akbar thrice.
Maharana Pratap had 11 wives from whom 17 children were born. Maharana Amar Singh I, the eldest son of Maharana Pratap, succeeded and became the 14th king of the Mewar dynasty.

Maharana Pratap was badly injured during the battle of the Haldighati war and thus faced the Mughals till his last breath, Maharana Pratap died on 19 January 1597 at the age of 56. Maharana Pratap’s loyal horse, named Chetak, was injured as it jumped from the fort during the battle and died a few days later. After 1579, the Mughal pressure on Mewar began to wane. Maharana Pratap was a courageous king who always faced the Mughals till his last breath.

▪️Maharana Sanga▪️

Rana Sanga was a king of the Shishodia dynasty of Udaipur. The full name of Rana Sanga was Maharana Sagram Singh. Rana Sanga’s reign in Mewar lasted from 1509 to 1527. Mewar is located in the desert of Rajasthan state. Rana Sanga was Suryavanshi Rajput. Rana Sanga united all the Rajputs to defeat the foreign invaders. Rana Sanga was a brave warrior and a benevolent ruler of Mewar.

Famous for his bravery and generosity, Rana Sanga lost the war with Babur due to treachery, but still, he inspired a lot of people with his bravery. The king of Mewar, Rana Sanga was an unbeatable adventurer. Despite losing one arm, one eye and countless wounds in the war, he kept fighting, he did not give up his great might. Maharana Sanga, after capturing Hare Sultan Mohammad’s ruler Mandu in the war, generously handed over his kingdom to him again.

From all these things we come to know how brave the king was. With his bravery, Rana Sanga had brought Mewar to the peak of its glory. Rana Sanga was famous for his bravery. Rana Sanga fought eighteen wars with Delhi and Malwa kings. These two wars were fought by the powerful Sultan Ibrahim Lodi. Sultan Muzaffar Khan of Malwa, who could not be arrested in the war due to being an impregnable capital, the mighty Rana Sanga, along with taking possession of his fort, also imprisoned Sultan Muzaffar Khan of Malwa

Due to being badly injured, Maharana Sanga was taken away from the battle and the Mughal emperor Babur won the battle of Khanwa. When Maharana Sanga regained consciousness, he got angry because he was thrown away from the war in a state of unconsciousness.

Maharana refused to go to Chittor after such defeat and ordered the remaining soldiers to get ready for war.
The same few traitors got angry with Maharana’s stubbornness and poisoned him, due to which Maharana Sanga died at the age of 47. Many of his 28 queens committed sati. In this way, Maharana Sanga was martyred in 1527 AD.

▪️Maharaja Surajmal▪️

Surajmal was the son of Maharaja Badan Singh. After he died in 1756 AD, his son Maharaja Surajmal became the ruler of Bharatpur. Maharaja Surajmal was called as Pluto of Jats. He handled everything very well because of his political acumen and acumen. Agra, Meerut, Mathura, Aligarh etc. were in Surajmal’s kingdom. Maharaja Surajmal was considered the most powerful ruler of India. He had a huge army reserve, in which there were 1500 horsemen and 25 thousand foot soldiers. He had left behind a military treasure

When the Maratha leader Holkar attacked Kumher in 1754, he was defeated by Maharaja Suraj Mal with the help of Ahmad Shah Abdali by Najibuddola. The third battle of Panipat took place on January 14, 1761, in which The struggle of Maratha powers was with Ahmad Shah Abdali. More than half of the Maratha soldiers were killed in this war. The Maratha army did not have any special knowledge of this area and did not have enough rations. If the result of this war was not good because of Sadashiv Bhau’s differences with Maharaja Suraj Mal,

if this difference had not happened then the result of this war would have been in the interest of India and Hindus. But Maharaja Surajmal keeping his friendship made complete arrangements for food, clothes and medicine for the remaining injured soldiers. Due to the appeal of Queen Kishori to the public, arrangements for food etc. were made. When the soldiers were about to go back after recovering, they were also given some money, grains and clothes. , Surajmal gave shelter to the soldiers who were left widows after they died in the state itself.

Dholpur, Mainpuri, Hathras, Agra, Aligarh, Etawah, Meerut, Rohtak, Mewat, Rewari, Gurgaon and Mathura were included in Surajmal’s kingdom at that time. Maharaja Surajmal won Ghaziabad, Rohtak and Jhajjar. The battlefield is the seat of the brave. In the war with Nawab Najibuddaula, on December 25, 1763, Maharaja Surajmal attained Veergati on the banks of the Hindon River. His bravery has been described in the composition named ‘Sujan Charitra’. This creation is of a Sudanese poet.

▪️Maharaja Jawahar Singh▪️

Maharaja Jawahar Singh was the eldest son of Jat Raja Surajmal. He was the shadow of his grandfather, brave, but he was not ethical and polite. Father Surajmal was unhappy with him because of his aggressive behaviour, but his bravery was known to everyone. After the death of Surajmal, Jawahar Singh became the king of the Jats. All the Jat Sardars supported him and joined him. The power of the Jats could not be diminished by his foresight.


Jawahar Singh was furious and wanted to keep all the Rajput kings for everyone, to establish his power. He left for Pushkar-Yatra with the Jat army without informing King Madhav Singh of Jaipur and also hoisted the Jat flag through the state border. He reached Pushkar. When he returned from there, a war broke out between Jaipur’s army and Jawahar Singh’s army, but Jawahar Singh fought with the Rajputs. Fighting valiantly reached Jaipur and reached Agra safely.


He had to suffer a lot from this war. Many of his soldiers were killed. Since this war, the enmity between both the Jaipur king and Jawahar Singh kept on increasing. The result of this was that the power of both of them decreased. No. Jawahar Singh was executed in 1825, and this is attributed to the secret conspiracy of the Jaipur king.

Integration of Rajasthan:

Rajasthan is one of the important states of India. Rajasthan means the place of kings, that is, where kings are born and as we all know that Rajasthan is a land protected by Rajput rulers, for all these reasons it was called Rajasthan. The powerful princely states of the erstwhile Rajputana are included in Rajasthan. On March 30, 1949, the powerful princely states of the then Rajputana were included in Rajasthan.

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