Satyendra Nath Bose Biography Pdf

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Satyendra Nath Bose Biography

ath Nath Bose was one of the greatest scientists of the 20th century. He was very knowledgeable. Bose’s life story is full of fascinating facts, starting with his incredible contribution to quantum mechanics. Bose was very passionate about learning new things. He had a profound influence on the development of Einstein’s statistics. His life is a story of intellectual genius.

Satyendra Nath Bose chose his field of work on his own. He made science his profession. Bose and Saha taught together at the University of Calcutta. At the same time, Bose thought that something new and interesting should be done in the field of science as well. Then he decided to devote his time to research work as well. He wanted to take teaching and research work together.

But Bose thought he needed to move forward with new ideas in research, so he decided to read Gibbs and Planck’s books. At the time when Bose started research work, most of the scientific material was in French or German language. So Bose needed to learn these languages ​​at an early age. Bose got hold of these languages ​​in no time. Also translated the poems of these languages ​​into the Bengali language.

Born on January 1, 1894, Satyendra Nath Bose was a famous mathematician of India. He was very interested in physics. Thus, apart from being a mathematician, he was also a physicist, who had special knowledge of theoretical physics. Satyendra Nath Bose was widely praised for his work on quantum mechanics in the 1920s. Quantum mechanics represents the foundation of Bose–Einstein statistics. Satyendra Nath Bose grew up in a middle-class family. He was born in the capital of British India, which is now known as Kolkata from Calcutta. This city is from the West Bengal state of India.

born in a middle-class family on January 1, 1894, in Calcutta, the capital of British India, which is located in West Bengal. His father was Surendra Nath Bose. As a child, Satendra Nath Bose did his schooling at Hindu School, but later he went to Presidency College, Kolkata. He excelled in all the academic examinations of his life. Satyendra Nath was one of the brilliant students.


Jagdish Chandra Bose and Prafulla Roy were among the eminent teachers, and Satendra Nath Bose came in contact with them. He got to learn various things from them. Satendra Nath Bose also served as an interpreter in the period from 1916 to 1921. He continued to be a lecturer in the Department of Physics, at the University of Calcutta. In 1921, he joined Dhaka University. Satyendra Nath Bose was widely praised for his work on quantum mechanics in the 1920s. Quantum mechanics represents the foundation of Bose–Einstein statistics.

Initially, people did not consider the fundamental paper on quantum statistics to be of much importance. But later Einstein understood the importance of his paper and gave authority to his original paper. Because of this work of Bose, he got a chance to go out of India. This was the first time that Bose left India and went somewhere else. From there he returned to Dhaka in 1926 and remained active till 1945 as a lecturer at Dhaka University.

Bose returned to India soon after the partition of Bengal. After coming to India, Bose decided to teach at Calcutta University. But in 1956 he retired from teaching. Marie Curie, Meghnad Saha was one of the eminent scientists of that time. Bose met and worked with them as well. Bose also displayed his creativity in biochemistry and literature.

When Bose returned from Paris, he started working as an interpreter at the University of Calcutta. He work as head of the Department of Physics. He remained active in this post till 1945. Bose did not publish any letter about this till the past time. He focused all his attention on philosophy, literature and Indian independence movement etc.

Later he was awarded the title of Padma Vibhushan which is the second highest honor given by the Government of India. In 1959, he was awarded the highest honour given to an individual, that of being appointed as a “National Professor”. Other honours given to the Boss are as follows:


▪️Scientific and Industrial Research Council
▪️National Institute of Science
Consultant
▪️Recruitment Indian Physical president
of the society
▪️Royal in London in 1958 as a Fellow
of the Society Appointment

Bose died on February 4, 1974. Located in Calcutta, S.N. Bose National Center for Basic Sciences Salt Lake was established with this name in honour of Satendra Nath Bose.

The contribution of Satyendra Nath Bose

Bose’s contributions to statistical mechanics, the electromagnetic properties of the ionosphere, and the theory of X-rays were incredible. He prepared original papers on many subjects. The greatest breakthrough of Bose’s career was Planck’s “quantum radiation law”. Bose wrote a paper on this in 1924. Initially, people did not consider this paper to be of much importance. This work took Bose’s career to different heights. He did this by simply counting the number of states without reference to any physics theory. Bose was the first person who proved Planck’s law successful to this level.

Bose selected Albert Einstein to review this paper. Einstein was impressed by this research and translated it into German. And he submitted this paper by personal recommendation to the great European Journal of Physics. Einstein picked up on Bose’s concept and developed research into the field of materials physics.

Satyendra Nath Bose was appointed as the President of the Science Congress. Satyendra Nath Bose became the president of the 31st session. It was only in 1945 that he went to the University of Calcutta and was appointed Professor of Physics. When he retired from this post i.e. retired from studies, he was given the post of Emeritus Professor. After that, he was appointed as the Vice-Chancellor of the University, which was Visva-Bharati University. Satyendra Nath Bose was made a Fellow Member of the Royal Society, London in 1958. He was awarded an Honorary by giving a D.Sc. His research papers of great fundamental value ​​were also published in international journals.

Satyendra Nath Bose provided new theorems in geometry. He impressed Einstein a lot with his thoughts. Because of this, their friendship started and they became close friends of each other. There were also some research papers of Bose which were translated by Einstein himself. This translation was done in the German language. Along with this, Einstein also got them published. Einstein died in 1955. His death came as a great shock to Bose. Satyendra’s interest was mainly in mathematical physics. Although talking about the scope of research, Bose used to take a very wide and varied scope. But there is no doubt that he developed a new branch of physics.

Once he got hold of molds of some ancient coins. He studied those coins and saw. And published an article about his technique, which he named “The technique of minting coins in ancient India”. This article set a new research standard. Satyendra also compared his findings and arrived at the fact that our Indian technology was older and more accurate than any other technology. He compared this with the mathematical techniques of Rome and China. For his work and contribution, he was awarded the Nelson Wright Medal by the Numismatic Society of India, Government of India.

Professor Bose proved that photons have the property of being uniform, which led to the famous Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics of photons concerning their valence. This laid the foundation of quantum theory.

FAQ:

How did Satyendra Nath Bose start research work?

Satyendra Nath Bose chose his field of work on his own. He made science his profession. Bose and Saha taught together at the University of Calcutta. At the same time, Bose thought that something new and interesting should be done in the field of science as well. Then he decided to devote his time to research work as well. He wanted to take teaching and research work together. But Bose thought he needed to move forward with new ideas in research, so he decided to read Gibbs and Planck’s books. At the time when Bose started research work, most of the scientific material was in French or German language. So Bose needed to learn these languages ​​at an early age. Bose got hold of these languages ​​in no time. Also translated the poems of these languages ​​into the Bengali language.

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